Hepatitis A is an extremely contagious liver infection caused by the liver virus A. The most common routes of transmission are contaminated food and water or direct contact with an infected person. Mild forms of the disease do not require treatment, while severe ones can cause major damage to the liver.
What are the causes?
The disease is caused by liver virus A, one of the many types of liver viruses that affect the liver's ability to function normally. This virus infects the liver cells and causes inflammation. It gives birth to the signs and symptoms of the disease.
How is the A virus transmitted?
It can be transmitted to humans in several ways:
- when an infected person touches the food consumed without having washed their hands very well before;
- the consumption of contaminated water;
- the consumption of seafood from infested water;
- close contact with a person suffering from hepatitis A;
- sexual contact with an infected person.
What are the signs and symptoms?
The Signs and Symptoms of Hepatitis A begins to appear only 6 months after the infestation. These include:
- nausea and vomiting;
- abdominal pain or discomfort, especially in the right side below the ribs;
- lack of appetite;
- mild fever;
- dark colored urine;
- muscle pain;
- yellowing of the eyes or skin (jaundice).
You should know that not all people who contract the virus do the disease. When symptoms appear, they tend to manifest over a period of 2 months, but may last for 6 months.
How is hepatitis A treated?
There is no special treatment for this infection. In most cases, the body removes the liver virus from the body by itself. All that can be done if the disease manifests is to improve the disturbing symptoms with the help of various remedies.
When the infection with the hepatic A virus manifests, there is a decrease in the energy level and a feeling of fatigue. Enough rest and sleep are very important in the recovery process.
Nausea is another symptom that can be bothersome. This causes a sharp decrease in appetite. Doctors recommend eating small and thick portions throughout the day. Also, if small amounts of food are consumed, foods with a high calorie content that are quickly saturated are preferred.
Make sure your liver "rests" enough. It is extremely labored when consuming alcohol or taking medicines. That is why it is important to review, along with your doctor, the list of medicines that are constantly being taken and to find solutions that will give your liver time to rest.
Hepatitis A can cause liver failure. But this happens in extremely rare cases and only in people who have an increased risk of complications - suffering from chronic or old liver disease. Those who suffer from acute liver failure need hospitalization and monitoring and sometimes even transplantation.
However, there is an effective method of disease prevention - immunization. Hepatitis A vaccine protection protects against the harmful effects of the virus on the body.
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