The sucking reflex is the first reflex that appears in the baby and illustrates both the need for nourishment and relaxation. Ultrasound shows that, from the mother's womb, the baby is sucking his finger. If a child does not have a pacifier, most likely he will suck his finger. The latter is a habit that can be dropped more easily, but some babies do bumps or wounds to the finger that I suck.
When is the pacifier useful?
There is no doubt that during the first year of life the pacifier is essential. In the beginning, the impulse of the sucking reflex can be so strong that it seems that the baby does not want to detach from the breast or bottle. And when you stop feeding, the baby starts to cry.
A crying baby is very stressful and tiring, so for the sake of your mental health and for calming the baby comes the pacifier.
Doctors recommend the use of a pacifier in the case of a baby who cries a lot and believe that this does not harm the child and is worth a try. However, at the first meeting with the pacifier, some babies either accept it immediately or refuse it.
The benefits of pacifier
The most important benefits of pacifier are:
• Calms the baby before sleep;
• Keeps the baby asleep - if he happens to wake up at night, he may start sucking and may fall asleep again without opening his eyes;
• Offers the baby the feeling of security, associated with sucking reflex.
• Prevents or delays the baby's habit of sucking his finger, which can lead to dental problems over time;
• A study shows that adults who used a pacifier when they were babies are less likely to start smoking;
• Another study shows that falling asleep with a pacifier in the mouth can reduce the risk of sudden death;
Unfortunately, using a pacifier can also be harmful to the baby.
Possible problems caused by the use of the pacifier
In the first weeks, the suckling of the baby stimulates the mother's breast to produce exactly the required amount of breast milk. When the baby needs to suck, and the mother offers the pacifier, there is a possibility that the production of breast milk will decrease, due to the lack of breastfeeding of the baby whenever he requests.
Thus, there is the possibility that you cannot give the baby the amount of breast milk he needs, and his crying will cause you to give him the pacifier again. And so you enter a vicious circle of lack of breast milk and a restless baby.
This is why it is important to avoid using the pacifier or at least to reduce the frequency of its use, especially in the first six weeks after birth.
Suzeta has not only benefits but also risks. Several years ago, in Australia, a number of pacifiers were presented on the market, which presented a risk of drowning for babies. They had a low degree of safety because they did not have the standard size, nor the sufficiently large ventilation holes and the secure grip rings.
The following pacifiers imported from overseas to Australia were withdrawn from the market:
• Ai-No PN 129
• Apple Baby Necessities 333
• Apple Baby New Series of Infant Necessities Baby Dummy
• Apple Healthy Baby Pacifier BW2235
• AQIN Potato Dummy
• Crib Mates 2 Pack Pacifier
• Happy Angel Dummy
• Pigeon Silicone Pacifier "Step 2" 5 months plus (5 months plus)
• Pinkie Baby's Best Need D014 Dummy
• Pinkie "Oh, my first kiss" D006 Dummy
• Smile Bear 3-Piece Nipples Soother and Chain BN1061
• Smile Bear Baby Needs Pacifier
• Soother Baby Pacifiers
• Toys Dummy
Speech impairment in infants
A Manchester speech therapist found that more than half of the children who came to his office were suckers. He is of the opinion that the regular use of the pacifier can lead to speech problems for the following reasons:
• A baby with a pacifier in his mouth has fewer opportunities to whistle;
• The ability of a larger baby to swallow may be impaired;
When he begins to speak, children who have been raised with a pacifier may speak not from the front of the jaw, but from the back, pronouncing "ch" instead of "t".
The speech therapist also argues that frequent use of the pacifier can lead to problems with teeth, the most important of which are the correct placement of the teeth on the crown and the appearance of caries. It is good to know, however, that sucking on the finger can have negative consequences on the teeth, and doctors say that there are more cases of children who sucked their fingers and made cavities compared to those who used the suction.
Use the pacifier rationally
The same logoped believes that it is okay to use the pacifier as long as you use it rationally and selectively. As safety precautions for using the pacifier, the speech therapist recommends:
• Do not use the pacifier as a solution for instantaneous relief, but try to identify the source of the problem, because most of the time the baby cries because he needs something;
• Do not make a habit of using the pacifier, but only use it when needed;
• Look at the pacifier as a short-term solution and stop using it as soon as possible, until at the latest 10 or 12 months.
• Do not soak the baby's pacifier into anything sweet, as this may favor the appearance of caries.
• If your baby is still using a pacifier when he or she starts talking, discourage him or her from talking with the pacifier in his / her mouth.
Waiver of the pacifier
The withdrawal of the pacifier can be done directly or gradually. The majority of infants who were directly forced to give up the pacifier were restless for 2-3 days (and nights), after which they settled. Convenient time interval, if you think you can resist. In those whose use of the pacifier was reduced, the distress was prolonged for both mother and baby.
The opinions of the specialists
Babies really like sucking. In the first year of life they go through what Freud calls the oral stage of development. This stage helps babies survive the first months of life. Some people have suction reflex more powerful than others and therefore need to exercise between feeding.
Some babies can become very agitated when they feel the reflex of sucking and it is advisable to do them as well as to give them a pacifier. The problem with the pacifier arises when the baby has been using it for too long, which affects the development of the tooth and the speech.
Doctors encourage moms to give their babies a suction when they want it, but only when needed and give up at about six months. Babies do not have long-term memory before this age and will quickly forget that they have ever had a pacifier. It works every time!
Source of SfatulMedicului.ro.
Speeches of speech therapists
"The opinions of the specialists are divided. Some consider that the use of the pacifier does not influence the teeth and palatal vault, others believe that only the use of pacifiers corresponding to age and not over a certain age has no negative effects, and in the other category are those who say that the use of pacifiers causes deformities. of the dentition, malocclusion and perhaps deformations of the palatine vault These deformations constitute the etiology of organic dyslalia, which implies the impossibility of correctly emitting one or more sounds.
The deformation of the palatal vault also causes disturbances of the voice consisting of distortions of the resonance of the sounds. In this situation the speech therapy intervention is necessary, but it must be accompanied by orthodontic treatment.
In my opinion, it should be kept in mind that the permanent use of the pacifier hinders the development of the language, because the child is concerned about this activity, which does not allow him to speak at the same time, "he believes. Ionela Ghizdavu, Logoped - Special psycho-pedagogy.
The opinions of dentists
"The dentists do not agree with the use of the pacifier. This is for several reasons, namely:
• By the act of sucking the suction can determine the anatomical uneven development of the jaws, as well as a muscular imbalance of the lips.
• The pacemaker syndrome can appear, manifested by cavities on the temporary teeth, located on the upper and lower incisors (these cavities can destroy the teeth until they even take the shape of the pacifier). This syndrome is also favored by the soaking of the pacifier in syrup, sweets, jams, powdered sugar or honey.
• The suction prevents the normal growth of the incisors and canines, inclining the incisors outward.
• If the baby holds the pacifier in the mouth on the side, the malformation occurs in the canines and milk molars. Then the jaw deviates laterally and grows asymmetrically.
• Sucking also affects swallowing, resulting in atypical or infant swallowing (creates feeding difficulties), "he says Mirela Comancianu, Primary physician - General dentistry
"The use of the pacifier should be discontinued after the age of 2 and a half or 3 years. Waiving is difficult sometimes, but it is beneficial for the harmonious development of the dental arches. If it is used for a very long time and especially associated with finger sucking, it may leads to deformations of the maxillary bones and teeth ", he believes Dr. Elena Vuzitas, DENT ESTET 4 KIDS.
What moms say about the pacifier
The mammals say that of the methods they applied when it came to giving up the pacifier, the most successful were:
• Waiver of the pacifier on the anniversary of the birthday - a mom convinced her boy to put the pacifier in the trash can in the kitchen before unpacking a gift;
• Waiver of the pacifier in exchange for a very desirable toy - a mom arranged at a local store that when she comes with her baby, she will receive in exchange for the pacifier the toy she most wanted;
A mom was convinced that she would never give her little girl a pacifier, but around the 5-month age she could no longer concentrate because of her cramps. A friend bought her a pacifier but that calmed the girl immediately, and her mother realized that she was wrong about having a pacifier. The girl was not only happy afterwards, but also well disposed.
Another mother experienced the situation where her little girl was addicted to the pacifier and was still using it at the age of three. She managed to convince her to just leave her pacifier at home while she was in kindergarten, but as soon as a request came home she would become insolvent if she was refused. Going to a speech therapist helped her a lot later because the girl's speech had been impaired.
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