Although it is a very unpleasant and even embarrassing situation, lice can be considered as one of the common affections in childhood. Lice are very small parasites, the size of a sesame seed, which live on the hair-covered areas of the human body, feeding on very small amounts of blood. The most affected are the children between 3 and 12 years, the girls being more predisposed than the boys.
Lice are not dangerous and do not spread diseases, but they are contagious and can become very distressing. They can spread quickly from one person to another, especially in groups. Although they cannot jump or fly, they can walk and can easily cling to the hair.
They spread mainly through the direct contact between the heads of two people, but the use of the same clothes, beds, brushes or objects on the head can facilitate their spreading. Children and adolescents are the most predisposed precisely because they tend to have very close physical contact with others and because they tend to borrow their things.
Pets cannot be a spreading factor for lice.
Their bites can cause itching and inflammation of the baby's scalp. Where else do you say that excessive scratching can lead to irritation and even infections of the scalp.
Although very small, lice can be seen with the naked eye. What you could see by examining the child's head:
• Louse egg (called lindini). They look like very small dots of yellow-white. They are deposited by the female mother very close to the root of the hair, where the temperature is higher and the eggs can develop generally in the area behind the ears and at the neck. The lindens can be easily confused with the dandruff, except that they cannot be removed by regular combing or shaking. They become lice about two weeks after they are deposited. Lindins are more common in general than lice.
• Head lice. They have a brown color, being darker depending on the color of the hair. Most lice feed on blood every four to six hours, but can survive without food, so far from the scalp, for up to three days.
• Scratches. Although itching does not always appear immediately after infestation, when scratching, children may leave scratches on the scalp. It all depends on the sensitivity of the skin of the little one.
• Red spots and swelling caused by scratching. For some children the irritation is mild, others can develop bacterial infections (the skin becomes red and sensitive in the area where the bite occurred).
You can see lice or lindens by dividing the baby's hair into thin suites and carefully checking the scalp, especially after the ears and at the neck. However, it can be difficult to find an adult louse, they are quite rare and move very fast.
Go to a doctor's office if your baby often gets scratched in the head and complains of itching of the scalp that does not go away. The doctor can tell you for sure if the little one has lice or lindens and needs treatment.
If your child has lice, announces the staff at the nursery, kindergarten or school to check the other children. It is possible that your little one has taken them from a colleague or colleagues have taken the lice from him. Also, keep the child home until complete healing!
How do we treat or prevent lice?
The doctor may prescribe a shampoo, cream or lotion to kill lice. However, it may happen that a treatment does not give the expected results either because it is not administered correctly or because lice are too resistant.
It is very important that the treatment is applied according to the doctor's instructions because it is usually a treatment with an insecticide-like effect, and applying too much or too much can increase the risk of other conditions.
In most cases, the drug treatment prescribed by the doctor kills lice and lindens, but itching may persist for several days. The doctor may prescribe a resumption of treatment after a seven-ten-day rest period to ensure that all lice have been killed and there is no risk of reinfestation.
If your child is less than two years old, you should not use drug treatments against lice. They and the linidines will have to be removed ... by hand. The same is true for the case if your child is allergic to product compounds against lice or if you simply do not want to apply such products on his hair.
• You will need to use your fingers or, better yet, a special comb with very thick teeth.
• Choose a well-lit place. When the weather permits, sunlight is preferable.
• Divide the child's hair into thin suites and check them in turn. Take a pot of hot water and soap next to you to clean the comb.
• Repeat this every three to four days for a few weeks. Also keep in mind that lice are easier to remove when your hair is wet.
You can avoid reinfestation the child with lice and their spread and to other family members through a few simple rules:
• Wash all sheets and clothing that were used by the person who has lice at a high temperature (50-60 ° C).
• Even things that cannot be washed must be cleaned.
• It sucks well in the whole house.
• Wash hair brushes, combs and hair clips in shampoo water against lice for one hour. You could also wash them in hot water or ... throw them away.
Which must be DO NOT do it when you try to get rid of lice:
• Do not use the child's hair dryer after applying a product against lice because some of them are flammable.
• Do not use a hair mask or conditioner before applying this shampoo.
• Do not wash your child's hair for one to two days after using such treatment.
• Do not use the same treatment more than three times for the same person, if it does not work, your doctor may prescribe another.
• Do not use several types of treatment at the same time.
Prevention of lice
Lice are not a sign of poor hygiene. Even so, you can prevent lice infestation.
• Teach the little ones to avoid direct contact with the head of the other children.
• Teach them not to borrow hair brushes, combs, hats, towels or other personal items.
• Teach them not to lie on beds, pillows or other sheets that have recently been used by someone else.
• Book 5 minutes a week to look at your child's hair. This way you will be sure to discover the lice or lindens in time, before they multiply. They will be easier to remove if there are fewer.
No matter how long this problem lasts, you should take care to make the little one understand that even if it is embarrassing and not pleasant to have lice, it is not their fault. The fact that they have lice does not make them dirty and anyone can enjoy this.
Tags Paduchi children