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Dental malocclusion in children

Dental malocclusion in children

Dental malocclusion is a hereditary dental condition, also known as the "crooked teeth". It is characterized by inadequate growth and alignment of the baby's teeth. Left uncorrected, malocclusion can affect speech development, appearance of the baby and may favor the appearance of cavities, gingivitis or dental fractures. Here are the complications that can occur and what solutions exist to correct this condition!

Causes of dental malocclusion in children

According to doctors, dental malocclusion is a genetic condition, so the hereditary factor plays an essential role in the appearance of this defect. But there are other causes or other factors that favor the development of this problem, including environmental ones.

It seems that sucking the finger beyond the age of 5 anisors increases the risk of developing this condition. Also, children who have a very small gap between milk teeth (they grow cramped) are at risk of developing malocclusions in permanent teeth. They are larger than babies and require more room to grow. If they do not have this space, they grow weird and asymmetrical.

Symptoms of dental malocclusion in children

Dental malocclusion is an easy to see eye condition. Among the main symptoms of the disease are:

  • incorrect alignment of the teeth;
  • slight deformity of the face;
  • chewing problems;
  • speech difficulties.

Doctors can diagnose it by simply observing the way in which the patients are placed, without further investigation. But the exact diagnosis is made after performing an X-ray dental x-ray and a dental fingerprint.

Complications of dental malocclusion in children

If the condition is left untreated or uncorrected, there are many problems or complications that may occur. These include:

  • caries;
  • chewing problems;
  • dental fractures;
  • gingivitis;
  • facial or maxillary muscle extensions.

One of the side effects or complications of malocclusion that very few doctors talk about is the loss of self-esteem. Narrow growth of teeth also changes the appearance of the child's face and determines the appearance of psychological complexes, which can affect their development.

Treatments of dental malocclusion in children

When you suspect dental malocclusion in a child, go with a dental practitioner. The main form of treatment for malocclusion is the wearing of the dental device. But the treatments differ according to several factors.

The dentist will establish the appropriate therapeutic scheme according to:

  • age;
  • general state of health;
  • medical history;
  • the child's tolerance to certain drugs or therapies;
  • parental preferences.

Sometimes a multi-stage treatment plan is needed. This decision depends on the extent of the malocclusion and its severity. In some cases, it is necessary to extract milk teeth, in order to make more room for permanent tooth eruption. It is important to ensure correct and complete oral hygiene.

Besides dental brushing, at least twice a day and the use of mouth water, it encourages the child to use dental floss, which helps to completely remove debris and prevent tooth decay, a condition commonly encountered in dental malocclusions.

While wearing the dental appliance, eating foods such as gum, sticky products, peanuts, pistachios, popcorn or ice is not indicated. There may be some restrictions on certain physical activities. It is advisable to ask the doctor's advice on how to use and the instructions with which the child's dental device comes with the package. If the malocclusion is severe and complications occur, the dentist may also resort to complex surgery.

Did your child have problems with growing teeth and aligning them? Tell us what dental eruption problems did you face in your child's case and how did you solve them in the comment section below!

Tags Strange teeth for children Stomatological disorders for children Teeth for children